School Boards In India: History And Development

Have you ever explored how India’s many school boards came into existence? Check this website for all latest information.


The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) was formed in 1965 from the old Rajputana Board of Secondary Education in Ajmer, which served five states. The board was assigned an all-India identity. The CBSE curriculum was implemented by Kendriya Vidyalaya institutions, which educate the kids of those who are serving in the military and the government.

Because there was no necessity for a pre-university course (PUC), it was referred to as higher secondary. Following this, this equated to a one-year saving’ in schooling. This benefit was eventually lost as the 10th and +2 were implemented.

Private schools were permitted to join this Association. Until 1975, all CBSE campuses had their syllabus until Dr. K Venkatasubramanian, a prominent economist and outstanding educationist, established the + 2, which standardized the Board level examination.


ICSE full form – The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education is a Christian Minority institution that has gained national recognition. It was passed down by the British and is virtually unknown in the nation. Regarding the curriculum standards, it is comparable to the CBSE.

Other Boards

There are 32 boards in the country. The majority of the others enforced in-order patterns like the Manipuri pattern, the Punjab pattern, the West Bengal pattern, and the Tamil Nadu pattern. Some, such as the Anglo Indian Institute, the Madrasa Board, and the Oriental Schools, have strong communal or religious ties.

To cope with the growing popularity of the CBSE, Tamil Nadu’s late CM- M G Ramachandran promoted the Matric Board. The Matriculation Boards were previously administered by the University Of Madras before being handed over by the state. The Matriculation schools had the same curriculum as the State govt and Corporation schools only at the +2 level.

The Matric institutions provided the people with English and Hindi linguistics that the state schools did not provide. Matric schools grew in popularity as the CBSE structure was thought to be difficult and these schools demanded higher costs.

Today, the Tamil Nadu legislature has implemented Samacheer Kalvi, and Matric schools are mandated to follow the state curriculum even in the lowest grades. Nothing precludes Matric schools from providing beyond what is required.

Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) was established to enhance the educational environment.

  • reducing pupil misrepresentation based on grades
  • Getting rid of ruthless rivalry among high achievers
  • minimizing social pressure and increasing learner freedom


In India, Cambridge & EDEXCEL certified the International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) and A level. A few institutions in the North use EDEXCEL IGCSE, however, they only provide an ‘O’ level.

Evolution of education on a social basis

Whatever the State and Centre governments try to ensure curriculum consistency, they will not achieve ‘equality in education.’ Even in schooling, despite a similar curriculum generally, there is a different hierarchy. People’s expectations rise in line with their wages.

So, whatever is done to ensure ‘homogeneity in education and ‘education for all,’ diverse fee structures will always exist to satisfy people’s expanding desires.

Samacheer Kalvi was successful in degrading the Matriculation system.